Tools for Achieving Oral Fluency

    Marsha Appling-Nunez finds help for the multilevel ELL classroom

    Many new English language learner (ELL) instructors first begin teaching with the idea that their students will be terrified to speak English. Like many other teachers, these instructors may have even imagined that each of their students would have the same level of reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills; that the students would never ask, while the instructor is explaining a task, if they can go to the bathroom (code for using their cell phones); that they would be eager to participate, never arrive late nor leave class early. For these perfect students, these same teachers would create a safe learning environment, offering creative, engaging, and most importantly meaningful classroom activities. Then the miracle would occur: suddenly…

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