Tag: neuroscience

Early Language Key to School Success

Kim Echart of the University of Washington News reports on a new study which shows that early use of words and grammar determine overall student successA new study indicates that children’s language skills in kindergarten predict their performance in other areas, including math and reading, throughout school. Not only does a child’s use of vocabulary and grammar predict future...

You’re Never Too Old to Become Fluent in a Foreign Language

from www.shutterstock.com Monika Schmid, University of EssexA new study on second language learning has recently taken the British media by storm. A range of headlines – from the BBC to the Daily Mail and The Guardian – all trumpeted the depressing message that it’s impossible to become fluent in a foreign language after around age ten. All of these reports...

Massive Study Confirms Teens’ Grammar Expertise

After years of research suggesting that the “critical period” to learn ends before the age of 10, an enormous new study of well over half a million learners suggests that children remain very skilled at learning the grammar of a new language much longer than expected—up to the age of 17 or 18. However, the study also found that...

TESOL Unveils its Six Principles for Exemplary Teaching of English Learners

TESOL International Association has released a “set of universal guidelines drawn from decades of research in language pedagogy and language acquisition theory.” The 6 Principles for Exemplary Teaching of English Learners are “targets for teaching excellence” designed to support any English language instruction program. "TESOL embarked on this project because we recognized the need for a practical, guiding set...

Animals May Have Brains Capable of Language

It has been widely thought that humans learn language using brain components that are specifically dedicated to this purpose. However, new evidence strongly suggests that language is in fact learned in brain systems that are also used for many other purposes, which pre-existed humans and even exist in many animals, say researchers in PNAS...

Bilingualism May Counteract Autism

According to a new study published in Child Development, bilingual children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are better at switching from one task to another than their monolingual peers."This is a novel and surprising finding," says Prof. Aparna Nadig, the senior author of the paper, from the School of Communication Sciences and Disorders at Canada’s McGill University. "Over the...

Reading Literature Not Only a Pleasure

Research proves that a good book stimulates the brain Just in case anyone needs another reason to encourage the reading of literature, researchers at Stanford University have come up with more proof that it’s good for you. In an innovative interdisciplinary study, neurobiological experts, radiologists, and humanities scholars are working together to explore the relationship between reading, attention, and distraction...

Even Lost Languages Rewire Brain

Research also demonstrates brain's plasticity and ability to adapt to new language environmentsIn a paper published in December's Nature Communications, researchers from Canada's McGill University and the Montreal Neurological Institute demonstrate that even brief, early exposure to a language influences how the brain processes sounds from a second language later in life. Even if the first language learned is...

How Learning Languages Affects Our Brain

As travel experiences go, there are few things as satisfying as ordering a meal in a foreign language. But while the practical and social aspects are obvious, multilingualism also has a transformative effect on the brain - improving brain power and changing the way we see the world.Read on for an illustrated journey on how language affects the brain!How...

Artificial Neural Network Learns Language

Researchers from Sassari University and Plymouth University have made a cognitive model of networked artificial neurons that can learn language with no prior knowledge. The Artificial Neural Network with Adaptive Behaviour Exploited for Language Learning, or Annabell, relies on synaptic plasticity and neural gating to learn through human conversation. "The system is capable of learning to communicate through natural...