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Schools are struggling to provide quality education to an increasing number of students who don't speak English. In the last 25 years, the amount of English language learners (ELLs) in the U.S. has risen from 5% of all public school K-12 students to more than 10%. The majority of these ELLs speak Spanish, leading to a country-wide increase in...

Three MIT researchers have investigated the tendency for languages to place words that work together as closely as possible. This property, dubbed the “dependency length minimization,” or DLM, was a trait that most of the 37 languages analyzed overwhelmingly catered to. Keeping related words syntactically close together means a lesser strain on working memory and the brain in general. This...

It has already been established that social media speeds up language evolution, but as the Chinese government actively censors online communities, the country's language has been changing even more quickly. Recently, China drafted a new online surveillance law, further regulating digital censorship, making it required that upon the discovery of, "information that the law or administrative regulations prohibits...

Only a small portion of the world's 7,000 languages have extensive written records. Those that are the least well-documented are the most in danger of disappearing. Due to European contact, through wars and disease, sharp decreases in language communities severely endangered many native languages and as less children on the reservation were homeschooled, the link between remaining native speakers...

The name Pluto comes from the greek Ploutōn (Πλούτων), who was the ruler of the underworld in Greek and Roman religion and mythology. Plouton, sometimes conflated with Ploutos, the god of wealth who also dealt with the underworld in that mineral wealth was found under the ground, was a more positive ruler of the dead than his Greek counterpart,...

Comparative study of U.S. and Europe shows correlation between language requirements and multilingualism A Pew Research Center study on foreign language education in the U.S. compared to Europe points out that while the U.S. has no foreign language requirement mandated by the federal government, most European countries require that young pupils begin learning a second, and in many cases a...

New research from Northwestern University has found a quick way to detect future literacy challenges in children who have not yet learned to read or write. The study, entitled Auditory Processing in Noise: A Preschool Biomarker for Literacy, found that preliterate children who were unable to successfully decipher speech in a noisy environment were more likely to have future...

The children's dictionary writers at Oxford University Press (OUP) named #, or hashtag, the UK children's word of the year. Through the annual analysis of over 100,000 submissions to Radio 2's 500 word short story competition, it was found that children under 13 years old are using the word creatively, as a form of emphasis or commenting in stories. What...

Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval has signed the Read by Three Act (SB 391) designed to improve early literacy and student achievement. The law includes early identification and parental notification of reading deficiencies, intensive reading interventions for students in need of additional support and, as a last resort, retention at the end of third grade with more intensive interventions. The law...

In the well-known left and right brain divide, language has been placed as a logical function of the left. The center of language comprehension was thought to be the Wernicke's area, named after Carl Wernicke who found in 1874 that stroke victims with damage to the left side of their brains commonly suffered from language impairment. However, it has...